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Indian Classical Music:
Raga Kanada: 17th Century ragamala painting
With uplifted sword and,
in the other hand,
the tusk of an elephant,
the divine form of Kanada
is lauded by the hosts of heaven.
Raga Darbari Kanada
Up: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C
Scale Down: C, Ab, Bb, G, (F, G, Bb), Eb, F, D, C
Main Note is: D
Always played in the deep of night
Raga Kanada originated in South India. Darbari (or
courtly) Kanada was created by India's greatest musician, Tansen, in the
16th Century, the profound mood and spirit of this great raga is
Raga Darbari Kanada is assumed by many to be North India's
greatest raga. There are a number of ragas in the Kanada
family of ragas.
This recording of the "elder" Dagar Brothers was made
in the 1950s. The Dagar family was one of the few great families
to continue playing in the older Dhurpad style after the demise
of the great Indian Courts where it previously flourished.
Because of its nobility, stateless, and spirituality, Darbari
Kanada was traditionally only played in a slow speed. In
traditional dhrupad styles, instead of playing a fast
composition in Darabari at the end of a performance of the raga,
instead Adana, a raga similar in scale structure, was always
substituted. Here the Dagars play first an alap, where
the raga is unfolded, followed by a composition in Dhamar tala
(a stately 14 beat talla associated with the dhrupad style),
then a composition in raga adana.
Ram Chatur Mallick Ram Chatur Mallick was a well-known
singer of the older dhrupad style. Recorded in August, 1976 in
Patna, India. The tala (rythmic pattern) is Choutal, the 12-beat
pattern common in dhrupad. The pakhawaj (drum) is played by
Abdul Waheed Khan
Jhoomra tal (14 beats). This great singer was a master of the kirana style of singing.
Recorded in the 1950s.
This short 'snippet' sung by the great singer
Faiyaz Khan was made to record on one side of a 78 record, and
it shows very little of what the raga, that he probably sang in
performance for an hour, is really all about. Yet it is a
sung by the Ali Brothers.
recording of Darbari Kanada, recorded in the 1960s by the Ali Brothers
of Pakistan, clearly displays the rare beauty and spiritual power of this
Jhoomra Tal (14 beats). Great singer from Indore.
Sitar alap. Ustad Mohammad Sharif Khan. Pakistan. 1960s.
Up: C, Eb, F, Ab, Bb, C
Scale Down: C, Bb, Ab, G, F, Eb, D, C
Main Note is: F
Always played at night
Kausi Kanada is a
combination of Malkauns (ascending scale) and Darbari Kanada
Khan This fine sarod player came to the U.S. in 1969 and
at that time this recording was made with Shankar Ghosh
accompanying on the tabla.
Rani A student of Ustad Ali Akbar Khan, Sharan Rani
recorded Kausi Kanada for the World Pacific label in 1962.
Accompanying her playing tintal (16 beats) is Chatur Lal, a
gifted young tabla player who died not too long after this
Hangal This great singer performs Kausi Kanada
accompanied by her daughter Krishna Hangal.